So which are the countries that produce hand-knotted rugs?
The data below (1962 onwards) shows that Iran, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nepal are the biggest exporters of hand-knotted rugs. These countries excelled at producing hand-knotted rugs due to similar cultural heritage and similar rulers. In Persia, the Safavid dynasty was the first that focused on art and culture and during their time, Persian rug workshops were set up and were being produced on a massive scale. Around the same time, the Mughal Emperor Akbar was also spending on arts and crafts and ordered the production of rugs in the palace workshops. Earlier rugs were being knotted by women for the use of their own households, but the imposition of workshops by these rulers made rugs a sign of wealth and luxury. The quality and prices of rugs are still denoted by this.
Watch the video clip below to see the trend of the biggest hand-knotted rugs countries.
The clip is made using data from https://atlas.media.mit.edu/
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